and showmanship can make a professional boxing career. Carefully curated spectacles can fuel ticket sales while, behind the

scenes, a manager picks and chooses which fights to take, grabbing easy wins,

avoiding guaranteed embarrassments.


boxing's amateur level is another matter all

together. You either have it or you don't. Put up or shut up, period. At this

level of pugilism, Golden Gloves bouts sort the walk from the talk, the trained

technicians from undisciplined street fighters.

"You ain't nothin', 'til you win the

Gloves," Evander Holyfield once told boxing writer Michael Rivest.


annual winnowing process begins at the regional level — 30 regions

throughout the country. Hoosier fighters are now in the midst of it.


annual Golden Gloves tournament — which began March 21 — continues

each Thursday night for six weeks, at 7:30 p.m. Downtown

at the Tyndall Armory at 711 N. Pennsylvania St. The finals begin April 18; the

championships are April 25.

The state

champions from each weight class will advance to the national Golden Gloves

championship, which began as a Chicago-versus-New York showdown in 1928 and

grew into a national institution. Indianapolis hosted the national

championships in 2011.


he became the heavyweight champion of the world and changed his name to

Muhammad Ali, Louisville's Cassius Clay won two national Golden Gloves titles.

Other pros who first earned national Golden Gloves

titles include Joe Louis, Sugar Ray Leonard, "Marvelous" Marvin Hagler, Michael Spinks, Mike Tyson, Evander Holyfield and

Oscar De La Hoya. Indy's own three-time world champion and World Boxing Hall of

Famer Marvin "Pops" Johnson won two national Golden Gloves

championships, in 1971 and 1972, before going to the Olympic Games in Munich to

earn a bronze metal.

Two-decade drought


has produced 20 national Golden Gloves champions since the tournament began 85

years ago. Indiana boxers were among the first to challenge Chicago's dominance

in the tournament's early days. But 2013 marks 20 years since the last Indiana

fighter earned a national title.


2013 Golden Gloves roster is packed with fighters who dream of being the next

great fighter — the next champion. For at least one of these fighters,

Cortez "Doonie" Hill of Team Achieve

Boxing, the dream is literal.


told coach before this fight, I had a dream that I beat the dude this week and

that I'll beat the guy in the championship," Hill said. After winning two

fights in preliminary rounds on March 28 and April 4, Hill

will, indeed, proceed to the finals.


person I fight in the finals is the very person I dreamed — it

happened," he said. "So be it: I won and I already knew I was

fighting in the finals. Coach asked, 'Do you see

yourself winning the whole tournament?' I said, 'Yes!' "


Golden Gloves, Hill said he hopes to make good on the prediction in his

yearbooks at Broad Ripple High School: "Most Likely To Be


The language of bored males


coach, James Curles, has dreams of his own. Like any

competitive coach, some of those dreams involve producing top-notch boxers, but

Curles is even more interested in getting kids

"out of gangs, off the streets and back in school."

Curles grew up

"really poor," first in Stark, Fla., then in Evansville, Ind. He

recalls being told again and again, "You'll be dead or in prison before

you are 18."

His own

life began to turn in a more promising direction when Steve Ryman, an

electrician with whom he was apprenticing, challenged Curles

to try a college class on Ryman's dime. Curles went

on to study music at the University of Evansville, earning a degree in

sociology, followed by a master's in the subject from the University of

Southern Indiana and a master's of divinity from Fuller University in California.

But the

initial transition was not easy.


have this rage," Curles said, referencing a

feeling of being undervalued by society. He sees it all the time in kids he

mentors, kids who are surrounded by dropouts, drugs and violence, who all seem

to be related to, or at least know, people who have been shot or are in prison.


can relate to the rage. When asked what he sees as the biggest change in his

life since joining Team Achieve in late 2011, he cites his mentality and



used to be ready to fight on the street," he said. "I've matured a

lot being in the guidance of coach; it's the little things, but the little

things add up.


a dude used to say something to me out of the way, I'd be ready to beat them

up.You can't let things people say steer you off on the wrong path.

I try to keep that in mind in my everyday life."


by the notion laid out in Psalm 23:7, "So a man thinketh

in his heart, so he is," Curles will often asks

kids new to his gym to define themselves.


such as "I'm not a punk" or "I'm not a bitch" are not



don't say what they are," Curles said.


goal then is to the channel the rage and lack of self-awareness he sees and

transform it into a desire to achieve in the ring and beyond — to recognize,

confront and defeat "the ghetto in our minds."


approach came, in part, from Joe Marshall of the Omega Boys Club in San

Francisco, which is known for its cutting-edge work confronting the culture of

violence among inner-city youth.


deprogram the kids from "the lies the streets have taught them,"

Marshall once told Curles, "you

have to be deprogrammed yourself."

At Team

Achieve, boxing is the incentive to bring kids in, but anger management

classes, tutoring and vocational guidance are part of the package.


is a social disease," Curles said. But, he adds,

it is also "the language of bored males."


involves, among other things, learning the difference between "friendships

and fearships."

Team Achieve'sAhmonta "TeyTey" Washington, 14, who has earned state

championships in Junior Olympics and Silver Gloves, defined fearship

as someone who "is with you, but gets you to do bad things."


best plan, Washington said, is to try to avoid such people. If that is not

possible, then ignore them, "even if they call you soft."


from local gang culture that materializes around various neighborhoods of

"sets" and "cliques" is a bit more subtle.

It involves substituting a positive influence for a negative one. "Our

community replaces their community," Curles

said, noting his bottom line: Members of Team Achieve "can't be throwing

gang signs or committing crimes."

Defying the odds

Curles attributes much of

his own deprogramming to a spiritual awakening.


whooped me — he snatched me up with such brutal force," he



while Curles is happy to share his faith, his work is

not about counting conversions. "I do it not so they'll become Christian,

but because I am Christian," he explained.


selflessness of a life turned over to a higher calling does not go unnoticed by

his team members.


pretty positive," boxer Doonie Hill said.

"He runs that program without charging anyone anything because he likes to

see people succeed in life. Coach is trying to get me back to school. A tutor's

done an assessment – I'm missing about a semester's worth."

Curles also gave credit

to Saint Jude, the patron of hopeless causes, for protecting him from his own

poor decisions and for continued guidance his effort to reach kids who may seem

at first to be beyond hope.


kind of the kid we go after — the kids that no one else wants," Curles said. And, with Curles'

encouragement and discipline, about half the kids who embrace the program

improve their grades and change their attitudes enough to box for Team Achieve.


International earned its 501(c)3 nonprofit status in

the fall of 2010. In two years, team members have earned 32 state titles in

Golden Gloves, Silver Gloves, Junior Olympics and Kentucky Open programs.


kids keep defying the odds; they keep winning," Curles

said. But he is just as quick to note their academic and social successes. In

short, he said, "Kids that weren't in school are in school; kids that were

prison-bound are college-bound." But it is more than rhetoric. He tracks

the academic progress of the kids in his program and is happy to share his




TeyTey Washington is

living proof of the returns an investment of attention and encouragement can


"TeyTey is themost critical of thinkers, and my hardest working

student," wrote Emily Gehr, his teacher at Emma Donnan Middle School, in an email to his coach. "I

have watched him go from another face in the crowd, to leader amongst his peers,

socially, and academically."


test scores supported Gehr's assessment. On the NWEA reading

assessment test, the average 8th grader scored below grade level.

Washington scored 230 — a college-level equivalent.

Curles has applied for a

grant to help buy more equipment, including a regulation ring, for the gym,

which some days has 40 or more kids working out. Donors have already provided a

computer room and a stocked kitchen. The gym's landlord is tearing out a wall

to make room for additional gym space and is paying to install showers and a

washer and dryer hook-up.


can't help everyone who needs help, but we can help everyone who wants

help." Curles said, admitting that his job

includes "a lot, a lot, a lot" of heartache.


do everything I can to push a kid to their full potential, but at the end of

the day it's free will. If they don't want help, there's nothing I can do. ...

When a kid drops out of our program, it's not a relief. It breaks my


The tournament begins

On the

first night of this year's Indiana Golden Gloves, coaches in opposing corners

of the ring encourage the fighters throughout the night, which features 17

fights, each three, three-minute rounds.


the body!"


a nice four-punch combo — now!"


seconds! Leave it all in the ring!"


fighters look fully engaged in the effort of staying on their feet with their

hands up; others step in the ring with clear focus and precise technique.


Gloves President Keith Boggs is pleased with the turnout. Attendance and

the number of fighters participating are up over last year, he said.

For Rex

Scott, sitting in Tyndall Armory for the first time in 30 years was "a

trip down memory lane."


Golden Gloves attracts him, he said, because the contestants are all amateurs

— and they are local.


came every week, every fight," Scott said. "I remember this as a much

bigger room when I was a kid."


ringside, the Indianapolis native looked at a set of bleachers in the corner of

the upper balcony and remembered how his dad would always sit there during

tournaments, using a rope to pull a cooler of beer up from the main floor.


spectacle can pull "habit-forming or addictive," according to Dick Mercer, who

began attending Golden Glovesabout 40 years ago with his friend Tom Lyday,

sitting in the balcony with a bag of White Castle hamburgers and a six-pack of

beer. A couple years later, both men offered to use their experience in

marketing to help boost awareness and ticket sales.


is now a 35-year veteran of the Indiana Golden Gloves board of directors. When Lyday died in 2001, the organization established a

scholarship program in his honor. He notes everyone in the organization is a

volunteer, a testament to their passion for the sport.


points out several people around the ring who have been fixtures for decades.


is Jim Payton, the timekeeper. Payton's dad, Harold, 93, was the timekeeper

before him. In fact, Mercer noted, Harold crafted the bell that signals the end

of each round.


there is Ron Hick, who drives from Illinois every year to help with

timekeeping, and retired sportswriter John Bansch,

who remains ringside to help with statistics and publicity. There's announcer,

Stu Goldner, who works at a printer and takes care of

the bout sheets and programs. There's Vicki Elder of the boxing commission, who

has helped keep the whole operation in line for decades.

And, of

course, George DeFabis, 86, who began his own storied

boxing career in 1944 and is a member of the National Golden Gloves Hall of


DeFabis wants to see more

"marquee boxers" in the program, generating interest like Marvin

Johnson, Sammy Nesmith or Norman Goins did in the



cultivating respect and discipline, and presenting new opportunities to kids,

some of whom have their first airline ride or overnight hotel stay as a Golden

Gloves fighter, is the ultimate purpose of the program, he added.


really what's this is about — making them better citizens."

Women in the ring


are not yet part of Indiana's official Golden Gloves program because,

organizers say, there are not yet enough females to fill out a complete

program. Their fights are a bonus to the ticket.

Kaitlyn Lovitt, 19, of the Integrated Fighting Club began boxing in

January. During the March 28 round of fights, she stepped into the ring for a

relentless pounding by Linda O'Bradovic of

Mishawaka's St. James Boxing Club.


least one seasoned veteran of the sport said the fight should have been

stopped, or Lovitt's coach should have stepped in.

Fighters don't tend to tap themselves out — it's something in their



Lovitt absorbed O'Bradovic's

onslaught, staying on her feet and, for the most part, keeping her hands up.

Stepping out of the ring post-fight, Lovitt, who is

in pre-nursing studies at IUPUI, kept her head up.


feel I worked like I've been trained," she said. "Even though I lost,

I feel like I won because I got up in the ring."

In Lovitt's post-fight de-briefing, coach Kenny Walker said

she did "a hell of a job." His critique focused on her need for

cardio improvements and her lack of forward movement.


fighting a bigger opponent with longer arms, like O'Bradovic,

Walker advised fighting close up.


make the mistake of stepping back," he said. "You want to get to the

right or the left. Circle and jab; it's the jab that dictates."


three, three-minute rounds "got longer" as they ticked on, Lovitt said. "It's not as easy as it looks."


the sport's male domination, females are gaining ground — on both sides

of the ropes.

Curles calls Jamie Billings

of Indy Boxing South "the best coach in the state," or, at least,

"the most underrated," noting, "people

overlook her because she's a woman."

In line

with Curles' assessment, on April 4, Vincent Ventura,

a Billings-trained fighter, just about knocked Team Achieve's

Hill off his game.


who naturally weighs around 150 and added weight to fight in the 165-pound

class, had devised a strategy to deal with the extra height and weight he knew

Ventura would bring. He would keep moving forward, keeping close in to Ventura,

making it harder for Ventura's long arms to connect.


Hill said, Ventura came out ready to brawl, landing some heavy blows.


rounds, coach kept telling me to use speed, and I went to power," Hill explained,

frustrated that he was not able to stick to Curles' instruction. "(Ventura) wanted to brawl, so

that's what we did the whole fight."


Hill and Curles appreciated the challenge.


the end of the day, we want the best," Curles

said. "We want the hardest competition, so bring it. We want to send our best

fighters to nationals."

Sweat equity


this spring's Golden Gloves concludes, training will continue at gyms around

the city.

Curles estimates spending

$70-$140 a week on gas, driving all around the Eastside delivering kids to and

from the gym.

As he

finished drop-offs on a late March afternoon, his phone rang.

It was

a new kid, calling to inquire about joining the team.


ain't gonna

charge you anything, champ," Curles says. He

finishes the call, then remarked: "Sweat equity is worth more than money.

If you're in the program, you'll work 10 times harder than any other gym."


should pay dividends, according to Mercer, the long-time observer. Whether it

is in the ring or in life, he said, success boils down to one simple equation:

"Effort equals results."

Curles and Billings,

along with coaches from other storied clubs around town such as Sarge Johnson Boxing and Indy PAL, are doing their best to

extract the effort it takes to produce a national champion.


believe the time when Indiana will produce another national champion will come

with this next generation," Curles said. "I

feel the competition among these guys getting stiffer."