The Senate passed a proposed constitutional right to hunt and fish, sending the measure to the House for consideration.
The amendment passed 43-4.
If Senate Joint Resolution 9 is approved this year, it will have to pass the General Assembly again in 2015 or 2016 to go on the ballot for ratification by voters.
"Fishing and hunting are not only important parts of our Hoosier culture and history, but they enrich our economy," the measure's author, Sen. Brent Steele, R-Bedford, said in a statement.
"An estimated 5,000 jobs revolve around the two sports, and they have a positive fiscal impact of more than $700 million to the state of Indiana," he said. "To preserve these pastimes, we must take action to protect these fundamental rights for generations to come."
Steele pushed a similar amendment previously. In 2011, the General Assembly passed an amendment including language that extended the protection to include farmers' rights. Steele said he changed the amendment to comply with requests from agriculture groups that he said didn't want to fight for it.