the days preceding Indiana's adoption of new national education guidelines,
Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Bennett's efforts at persuasion were
met with what has come to typify teacher response to almost anything coming
from the state: skepticism.
very important to understand that this is a state-driven initiative," Bennett
argued in an attempt to reassure a crowd assembled in Indianapolis earlier this
month – part of the superintendent's recent statewide tour to meet with
Indiana educators. "We have been on the ground floor in discussing these
new national guidelines, known as Common Core Standards, will eventually
replace Indiana's current set of state mandates for gauging how and what
students are taught. Earlier this month, Indiana became one of at least 33
states to have adopted the measure so far.
like other local and federal officials, took pains to emphasize states' roles
in crafting those standards at this month's meeting. But a cascade of guffaws
and muffled laughs seemed to indicate not every teacher present was convinced
the effort was locally-grown.
is the consensus from teachers around the state — that this was not
really some local, home-grown decision," explained Teresa Meredith, vice
president of the Indiana State Teachers Association (ISTA), a teachers union,
and a teacher in Shelbyville. "But, hopefully, by working between Dr. Bennett
and the ISTA, we can change that."
the state is moving forward on Common Core at all is a change of pace given
recent impasses between state and union leaders.
April, Indiana educators failed to put together a bid for millions in cash from
the federal government's Race to the Top program, aimed at spreading $4.35
billion among states that best exemplify the kinds of reform the government is
looking for. The Common Core Standards were meant to be a part of that drive,
and Indiana stood to gain up to $250 million in federal education subsidies for
a winning bid.
territorial issues between the Indiana Department of Education (IDOE) and ISTA
proved contentious. Disputes between the two groups torpedoed the bid at a time
when the state has cut $297 million from schools for the current two-year
budget – cuts that could get deeper if the latest state revenue numbers
are any indication.
disputes have some wondering if state officials and educators will ever learn
to get along – and how many more opportunities will fall by the wayside
in the meantime.
Havill-Weems, training director for the Indiana Parent and Information Resource
Center (PIRC), a parents advocacy group, said it was "frustrating," when
students missed out because state and union officials couldn't agree.
you aren't able to forge those strong partnerships that focus on student
outcomes, with the loss of that prize, what we're really looking at is an
example of the potential fallout that directly impacts our students," she said.
"The students end up losing."
step in the right direction'
President Barack Obama launched Race to the Top in 2009, his administration was
careful distinguish it from the No Child Left Behind program put in place by
his predecessor. Race to the Top, he explained, would focus instead on
measuring growth and standardizing teaching, rather than on testing data.
got in line with 47 other states, each of which had to outline a plan for
revamping its education program. The "Standards and Assessment" portion of the
application was a major component for putting together a winning bid. It
influenced Indiana's initial plan to adopt Common Core Standards as part of a
reform package the state calls its Fast Forward plan.
Core was intended to better align Indiana's standards of instruction with those
of schools across the nation. "We want to ensure our students are held to the
highest academic standard," IDOE said in a statement at the time. "And we
believe that the Common Core State Standards will position Indiana children
well — nationally and internationally."
submitted its bid for round one of the program, but the initiative didn't get
far. On March 15th, Bennett announced that Indiana was not selected as one of
the 15 finalists.
soon began planning a second application, but announced April 22 that
re-application would be virtually useless. Negotiations to curry support with
the ISTA hadn't gained the necessary traction, and support from teacher unions
was estimated at just 60 percent.
although the state is no longer in the running for millions of federal dollars,
Bennett says Common Core Standards are still worth implementing. He said
federal money was never the primary draw: For example, that money could not
have been used to fill the hole left by budget cuts, as some have suggested,
only for costs associated with reform. It is unclear how those costs will be
think the reforms are essential and Indiana will be a national leader on
implementing reforms without national money," Bennett said.
new standards will stress depth-over-breadth-of-teaching more than the previous
ones. It will also make teachers' specializations narrower, Meredith explained.
Only time will tell if that's ultimately a good thing.
standards and goals are spelled out very specifically. For example, an eighth
grader would need to be able to "consult general and specialized reference
materials, both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or to
determine or clarify its precise meaning or part of speech." It's left to local
administrators to determine how best to keep teachers and students in line with
don't really have any big concerns yet," Meredith said. "Probably more of a
question than anything. There isn't any data yet that suggests that the Common
Core Standards change learning in the classroom or are impacting students'
lives outside. But with anything new, the data comes in a few years down the
Rep. Gregory Porter, chairman of the House Education Committee, said the
standards were "a step in the right direction," but said he had reservations. "Obviously
since we've adopted this thing it's going to require some dollars behind it,"
to changes in the quality of education, Porter said he was "eyeing it
cautiously" for now. "My concern with this is when comparing all the students
of different states, we're not all going to start at the same level."
of Indiana's failure to submit a viable bid for federal dollars can be
attributed to tensions between IDOE and ISTA leadership, the latter of which
withheld much of its support. Tennessee and Delaware – which, as Race to
the Top winners received a combined $600 million for their education programs
— had secured between 95-100 percent support from local teachers' unions.
ISTA claims the only way to get its full support is to follow the lead of
Tennessee and Delaware by better including unions in the process.
big problem we had with [the proposal] was that we were never invited to be a
part of the conversation unless we would blindly agree to Fast Forward," said
Meredith. "It's hard to agree to something if you can't even see it."
took similar issue with what he characterized as unilateral action on the part
of the IDOE .
main thing I'm concerned about is that this whole movement did not really
involve the legislature," porter said. "Not once, not twice, but on numerous
occasions I reached out to the Department of Education. We never really got any
different subjects currently utilize standards implemented during different
years, adoption of the new standards will take place gradually through 2013, as
old standards are phased out.
the future, ISTA insists its attitude is cautiously optimistic. Meredith said
she anticipated a difficult 2011-2012 school year.
think teachers are confused," she said. "And the next year is going to be a
challenging year for having two sets of standards and figuring out what to