ISO plays new works to a small house

Guest Conductor Edwin Outwater

The science part - 4.5 stars

The music part - 1.5 stars

String theory. Entanglement. Ultra-violet catastrophe. Planck's constant. Fundamental randomness. These are concepts I was exposed to

as an undergraduate in engineering school -- their names now being the only

things I recall. They are all elements of quantum mechanics, the study of the

behavior of atomic and subatomic particles and how they contrast with the

properties of larger objects -- like those we can see. A very small audience

(less than 100) attended the ISO sponsored event, held at Butler's

Schrott Center

for the Arts.

Together with narrators Raymond Laflamme and Dr. Stacy


, ISO guest conductor Edwin Outwater attempted to show a correlation

between the 20th-century evolution of quantum mechanics and the accompanying "experimentation"

in music, both starting at that century's beginning. To open the comparison,

Outwater played the first movement of Mozart's 29th Symphony as a musical

counterpart to the physics of Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), which remained unchallenged

till the end of the 19th century: orderly, predictable, harmonious.

Following which came the discussion of quantum theory,

accompanied by the music of Anton Webern (1883-1945), Charles Ives (1874-1954),

Henry Brant (1913-2008), John Cage (1912-1992), and Iannis Xenakis (1922-2001).

While it is safe to say that, excepting the Mozart and Webern's post-Romantic Langsamer Satz, none of the remaining

pieces--including a movement from Webern's Symphony, Op. 21-- would ever likely

be performed in a regular concert series, the concomitant science narration was


Where the disconnect occurs between the music and the

science is that knowledge of the quantum world of the last century will have a

tremendous impact on the "visible" world's evolving technology, most especially

in its micro-electronics applications such as the computer and its newer, smaller

progeny. The music offered, however, explores several of many "haphazard" (to quote ISO

program annotator Marianne Williams Tobias) styles, none of which remained in

vogue at the 21st century's start, but all of which have a selective following,

mainly among musicians and music school grads. More general symphony goers find them

too "perplexing" and "cacophonous."

Webern was the most extreme exponent of 12-tone or serial

music: Every single note was calculated. Cage was at the opposite end;

randomness was his long suit, with no two performances being the same. Xanakis formulated his music based on mathematical and architectural

models. Ives, a pioneer in dissonance, was ahead of his time, but has his

followers. Brant remains hardly more than a footnote in music history.

Outwater closed with a blending of Mozart's 29th with some

of the modernist styles we had subsequently heard. The presentation was well done.

The music was well played. But its 20th-century offerings will not be missed. April 25-26; Howard L. Schrott Center


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